Distribution of Production Plants | HeatTreatConsortium.com

Trends: Distribution of Production Plants


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Primary aluminum smelting is an electricity intensive process. As a result, primary smelters are located in regions with low-cost hydroelectric electric power (i.e., BPA*, TVA*, and Upstate New York). Secondary smelting plants can use either electricity or, more commonly, natural gas for remelting of aluminum scrap. These plants are typically located near large end-use markets and/or sources of scrap.

*BPA = Bonneville Power Administration
*TVA = Tennessee Valley Administration

Canadian Primary Production

There are four primary aluminum producers in Canada operating eleven mills. Alcan, the largest producer, operates seven mills. The other four companies each operate a single mill. All but one of the mills is located in Quebec; the only smelter outside Quebec is in British Columbia. Canadian production capacity is about 2.3 million metric tons per year – a little over half the U.S. Primary production capacity.


Aluminum Statistical Review for 1993, Aluminum Association, p. 27

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