Secondary Finishing R&D Trends |

Secondary Finishing: R&D Trends


Courtesy of the Gas Research Institute

Combustion Technology
Energy Consumption
Process Description
R&D Trends

Improvements in reheating practice are centered on temperature uniformity, scale free heating, rapid heating rates, and temperature equalization and localized heating.


Temperature Uniformity – Skid Mark Eraser

Skid Mark Eraser, Salem Corp.


High convection burner placed in furnace bed at intervals along skid

Phase II – Bench-scale laboratory program ending

Phase II – Installation at test site


Market potential pusher furnace

Walking beam furnaces have lower temperature differences at skid marks

Gauge control corrects for skid marks on modern rolling mills
Scale Free Heating

Scale Free Heating


Various reheat furnace concepts under development


Limited market due to trend towards hot charging and direct rolling. Concern about retrofit capability.
Rapid Heating (BG and Air Products lines)

Rapid Heat Technologies – British Gas Research Institute


High convection heating of steel


Applied mainly to forging furnaces in North America



Rapidfire Technology – Air Products and GRI


Direct oxyfuel flame impingement heating of workpiece.


Potential for application in the following areas:

Thin/intermediate slab heating

Preheating of slabs for warm charging

Heating of transfer bars

Interstand heating in hot mills

Heating of Strip
Temperature Equalization and Localized Heating

Radiative Converter – Tokyo Institute of Technology


Bench-scale laboratory program

Slab furnace is slightly larger than slab dimensions with stainless mesh on sides

Hot gas jet impinges on center of slab furnace; stainless mesh on sides of slab furnace is heated by the hot gases

Edge of slab heated by radiation from stainless mesh


Improvement on heat shields for direct charging of slabs

Slab edge heating application.
Low NOx Burner Development
GRI has supported the development of the STAR burner concept (Staged Air Recirculating Burner). Hauck Manufacturing, Arthur D. Little, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed this burner system with air staging and flue gas recirculation that can remove 90% of the NOx of conventional burners. The system is being scaled up to 15-20 MMBtu and is being adapted to cold-air firing or integral recuperation.
Steel Mill Process Heating Technology Study, Hatch Associates, GRI-95/0106, Gas Research Institute